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7.2 cons

The cons function constructs lists; it is the inverse of car and cdr. For example, cons can be used to make a four element list from the three element list, (fir oak maple):

     (cons 'pine '(fir oak maple))

After evaluating this list, you will see

     (pine fir oak maple)

appear in the echo area. cons causes the creation of a new list in which the element is followed by the elements of the original list.

We often say that `cons puts a new element at the beginning of a list; it attaches or pushes elements onto the list', but this phrasing can be misleading, since cons does not change an existing list, but creates a new one.

Like car and cdr, cons is non-destructive.