Many people in the GNU Emacs community have written extensions to Emacs. As time goes by, these extensions are often included in new releases. For example, the Calendar and Diary packages are now part of the standard GNU Emacs, as is Calc.
You can use a
load command to evaluate a complete file and
thereby install all the functions and variables in the file into Emacs.
This evaluates, i.e. loads, the slowsplit.el file or if it
exists, the faster, byte compiled slowsplit.elc file from the
emacs sub-directory of your home directory. The file contains
split-window-quietly, which John Robinson wrote in
split-window-quietly function splits a window with the
minimum of redisplay. I installed it in 1989 because it worked well
with the slow 1200 baud terminals I was then using. Nowadays, I only
occasionally come across such a slow connection, but I continue to use
the function because I like the way it leaves the bottom half of a
buffer in the lower of the new windows and the top half in the upper
To replace the key binding for the default
split-window-vertically, you must also unset that key and bind
the keys to
split-window-quietly, like this:
(global-unset-key "\C-x2") (global-set-key "\C-x2" 'split-window-quietly)
If you load many extensions, as I do, then instead of specifying the
exact location of the extension file, as shown above, you can specify
that directory as part of Emacs'
load-path. Then, when Emacs
loads a file, it will search that directory as well as its default
list of directories. (The default list is specified in paths.h
when Emacs is built.)
The following command adds your ~/emacs directory to the existing load path:
;;; Emacs Load Path (setq load-path (cons "~/emacs" load-path))
load-library is an interactive interface to the
load function. The complete function looks like this:
(defun load-library (library) "Load the library named LIBRARY. This is an interface to the function `load'." (interactive (list (completing-read "Load library: " (apply-partially 'locate-file-completion-table load-path (get-load-suffixes))))) (load library))
The name of the function,
load-library, comes from the use of
`library' as a conventional synonym for `file'. The source for the
load-library command is in the files.el library.
Another interactive command that does a slightly different job is
load-file. See Libraries of Lisp Code for Emacs, for information on the
load-library and this command.