Water-Like Anomalies for Core-Softened Models of Fluids: Two-Dimensional Systems

Дата и время публикации : 2000-10-16T13:12:53Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
A. Scala
M. Reza Sadr-Lahijany
N. Giovambattista
S. V. Buldyrev
H. E. Stanley

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Первичная категория: cond-mat.soft

Все категории : cond-mat.soft, cond-mat.stat-mech

Краткий обзор статьи: We use molecular dynamics simulations in two dimensions to investigate the possibility that a core-softened potential can reproduce static and dynamic anomalies found experimentally in liquid water: (i) the increase in specific volume upon cooling, (ii) the increase in isothermal compressibility upon cooling, and (iii) the increase in the diffusion coefficient with pressure. We relate these anomalies to the shape of the potential. We obtain the phase diagram of the system and identify two solid phases: a square crystal (high density phase), and a triangular crystal (low density phase). We also discuss the relation between the anomalies observed and the polymorphism of the solid. Finally, we compare the phase diagram of our model system with experimental data, noting especially the line of temperatures of maximum density, line of pressures of maximum diffusion constant, and line of temperatures of minimum isothermal compressibility.

Category: Physics