Enhanced Bound State Formation in Two Dimensions via Stripe-Like Hopping Anisotropies

Дата и время публикации : 2000-10-07T06:10:22Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Saurabh Basu
R. J. Gooding
P. W. Leung

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 6 pages, 3 eps figures
Первичная категория: cond-mat.str-el

Все категории : cond-mat.str-el, cond-mat.supr-con

Краткий обзор статьи: We have investigated two-electron bound state formation in a square two-dimensional t-J-U model with hopping anisotropies for zero electron density; these anisotropies are introduced to mimic the hopping energies similar to those expected in stripe-like arrangements of holes and spins found in various transition metal oxides. In this report we provide analytical solutions to this problem, and thus demonstrate that bound-state formation occurs at a critical exchange coupling, J_c, that decreases to zero in the limit of extreme hopping anisotropy t_y/t_x -> 0. This result should be contrasted with J_c/t = 2 for either a one-dimensional chain, or a two-dimensional plane with isotropic hopping. Most importantly, this behaviour is found to be qualitatively similar to that of two electrons on the two-leg ladder problem in the limit of t_interchain/t_intrachain -> 0. Using the latter result as guidance, we have evaluated the pair correlation function, thus determining that the bound state corresponds to one electron moving along one chain, with the second electron moving along the opposite chain, similar to two electrons confined to move along parallel, neighbouring, metallic stripes. We emphasize that the above results are not restricted to the zero density limit – we have completed an exact diagonalization study of two holes in a 12 X 2 two-leg ladder described by the t-J model and have found that the above-mentioned lowering of the binding energy with hopping anisotropy persists near half filling.

Category: Physics