Temperature dependence and mechanisms for vortex pinning by periodic arrays of Ni dots in Nb films

Дата и время публикации : 2000-09-18T10:21:18Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
J. I. Martin
M. Velez
A. Hoffmann
I. K. Schuller
J. L. Vicent

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 12 text pages (revtex), 6 figures (1st jpeg, 2nd-6th postscript) accepted in Physical Review B
Первичная категория: cond-mat.supr-con

Все категории : cond-mat.supr-con

Краткий обзор статьи: Pinning interactions between superconducting vortices in Nb and magnetic Ni dots were studied as a function of current and temperature to clarify the nature of pinning mechanisms. A strong current dependence is found for a square array of dots, with a temperature dependent optimum current for the observation of periodic pinning, that decreases with temperature as (1-T/Tc)3/2. This same temperature dependence is found for the critical current at the first matching field with a rectangular array of dots. The analysis of these results allows to narrow the possible pinning mechanisms to a combination of two: the interaction between the vortex and the magnetic moment of the dot and the proximity effect. Moreover, for the rectangular dot array, the temperature dependence of the crossover between the low field regime with a rectangular vortex lattice to the high field regime with a square configuration has been studied. It is found that the crossover field increases with decreasing temperature. This dependence indicates a change in the balance between elastic and pinning energies, associated with dynamical effects of the vortex lattice in the high field range.

Category: Physics