Vortex motion in superconducting YBCO inferred from the damping of the oscillations of a levitating magnetic microsphere

Дата и время публикации : 1999-01-11T15:57:12Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
R. Grosser
P. Hoecherl
A. Martin
M. Niemetz
W. Schoepe

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 9 pages, 12 figures
Первичная категория: cond-mat.supr-con

Все категории : cond-mat.supr-con

Краткий обзор статьи: The damping of the oscillations of a small permanent magnet (spherical shape, radius 0.1 mm) levitating between two parallel YBCO surfaces is measured as a function of oscillation amplitude and temperature. The losses in the samples (epitaxial thin films, bulk granular and bulk melt-textured) are analyzed in terms of oscillating shielding currents flowing through trapped flux lines whose motion gives rise to electric fields. We find dissipation to originate from different mechanisms of flux dynamics. At small amplitudes there is a linear regime described by a surface resistance varying from 10^-9 Ohm for bulk samples down to 10^-13 Ohm for the thin films at low temperatures. With increasing amplitude various nonlinear regimes are observed, firstly collective pinning with diverging energy barriers, secondly in bulk samples above 85 K hysteretic damping, and finally in thin films exponentially large losses which can be described by pinning energies vanishing linearly at large currents.

Category: Physics