Spin domains in ground state spinor Bose-Einstein condensates

Дата и время публикации : 1999-01-08T22:31:55Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
J. Stenger
S. Inouye
D. M. Stamper-Kurn
H. -J. Miesner
A. P. Chikkatur
W. Ketterle

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Nature 396 (1998) p. 345
Коментарии к cтатье: 5 pages, 4 figures
Первичная категория: cond-mat.stat-mech

Все категории : cond-mat.stat-mech

Краткий обзор статьи: Bose-Einstein condensates of dilute atomic gases, characterized by a macroscopic population of the quantum mechanical ground state, are a new, weakly interacting quantum fluid. In most experiments condensates in a single weak field seeking state are magnetically trapped. These condensates can be described by a scalar order parameter similar to the spinless superfluid 4He. Even though alkali atoms have angular momentum, the spin orientation is not a degree of freedom because spin flips lead to untrapped states and are therefore a loss process. In contrast, the recently realized optical trap for sodium condensates confines atoms independently of their spin orientation. This opens the possibility to study spinor condensates which represent a system with a vector order parameter instead of a scalar. Here we report a study of the equilibrium state of spinor condensates in an optical trap. The freedom of spin orientation leads to the formation of spin domains in an external magnetic field. The structure of these domains are illustrated in spin domain diagrams. Combinations of both miscible and immiscible spin components were realized.

Category: Physics