Coulomb correlation effects in semiconductor quantum dots: The role of dimensionality

Дата и время публикации : 1998-12-30T22:33:31Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Massimo Rontani (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita’ degli Studi di Modena, Italy)
Fausto Rossi (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita’ degli Studi di Modena, Italy)
Franca Manghi (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita’ degli Studi di Modena, Italy)
Elisa Molinari (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita’ degli Studi di Modena, Italy)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Physical Review B 59, 10165 (1999).
Коментарии к cтатье: LaTeX 2.09, RevTeX, 25 pages, 9 Encapsulated Postscript figures. To be published in Physical Review B
Первичная категория: cond-mat.mes-hall

Все категории : cond-mat.mes-hall, cond-mat.str-el

Краткий обзор статьи: We study the energy spectra of small three-dimensional (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor quantum dots through different theoretical approaches (single-site Hubbard and Hartree-Fock hamiltonians); in the smallest dots we also compare with exact results. We find that purely 2D models often lead to an inadequate description of the Coulomb interaction existing in realistic structures, as a consequence of the overestimated carrier localization. We show that the dimensionality of the dots has a crucial impact on (i) the accuracy of the predicted addition spectra; (ii) the range of validity of approximate theoretical schemes. When applied to realistic 3D geometries, the latter are found to be much more accurate than in the corresponding 2D cases for a large class of quantum dots; the single-site Hubbard hamiltonian is shown to provide a very effective and accurate scheme to describe quantum dot spectra, leading to good agreement with experiments.

Category: Physics