The Puzzling Stability of Monatomic Gold Wires

Дата и время публикации : 1998-12-22T16:30:57Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
J. A. Torres
E. Tosatti
A. Dal Corso
F. Ercolessi
J. J. Kohanoff
F. D. Di Tolla
J. M. Soler

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 4 figures
Первичная категория: cond-mat.mtrl-sci

Все категории : cond-mat.mtrl-sci

Краткий обзор статьи: We have examined theoretically the spontaneous thinning process of tip-suspended nanowires, and subsequently studied the structure and stability of the monatomic gold wires recently observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The methods used include thermodynamics, classical many-body force simulations, Local Density (LDA) and Generalized Gradient (GGA) electronic structure calculations as well as ab-initio simulations including the two tips. The wire thinning is well explained in terms of a thermodynamic tip suction driving migration of surface atoms from the wire to the tips. For the same reason the monatomic wire becomes progressively stretched. Surprisingly, however, all calculations so far indicate that the stretched monatomic gold wire should be unstable against breaking, contrary to the apparent experimental stability. The possible reasons for the observed stability are discussed.

Category: Physics