Spontaneous Breaking of Translational Invariance and Spatial Condensation in Stationary States on a Ring: I. The Neutral System

Дата и время публикации : 1998-09-07T23:18:15Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Peter F. Arndt
Thomas Heinzel
Vladimir Rittenberg

Ссылка на журнал-издание: J.Stat.Phys. 97 (1999) 1-66
Коментарии к cтатье: 58 pages, published version
Первичная категория: cond-mat.stat-mech

Все категории : cond-mat.stat-mech

Краткий обзор статьи: We consider a model in which positive and negative particles with equal densities diffuse in an asymmetric, CP invariant way on a ring. The positive particles hop clockwise, the negative counter-clockwise and oppositely-charged adjacent particles may swap positions. The model depends on two parameters. Analytic calculations using quadratic algebras, inhomogeneous solutions of the mean-field equations and Monte-Carlo simulations suggest that the model has three phases. A pure phase in which one has three pinned blocks of only positive, negative particles and vacancies and in which translational invariance is broken. A mixed phase in which the current has a linear dependence on one parameter but is independent of the other one and of the density of the charged particles. In this phase one has a bump and a fluid. The bump (condensate) contains positive and negative particles only, the fluid contains charged particles and vacancies uniformly distributed. The mixed phase is separated from the disordered phase by a second-order phase-transition which has many properties of the Bose-Einstein phase-transition observed in equilibrium. Various critical exponents are found.

Category: Physics