The abelian sandpile and related models

Дата и время публикации : 1998-08-05T10:39:25Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Deepak Dhar (Tata Institute of Fund. Research, Mumbai)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Physica A 263(1999) 4.
Коментарии к cтатье: Typos and minor errors fixed and some references added
Первичная категория: cond-mat.stat-mech

Все категории : cond-mat.stat-mech

Краткий обзор статьи: The Abelian sandpile model is the simplest analytically tractable model of self-organized criticality. This paper presents a brief review of known results about the model. The abelian group structure allows an exact calculation of many of its properties. In particular, one can calculate all the critical exponents for the directed model in all dimensions. For the undirected case, the model is related to q= 0 Potts model. This enables exact calculation of some exponents in two dimensions, and there are some conjectures about others. We also discuss a generalization of the model to a network of communicating reactive processors. This includes sandpile models with stochastic toppling rules as a special case. We also consider a non-abelian stochastic variant, which lies in a different universality class, related to directed percolation.

Category: Physics