Three-leg Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Ladder with Frustrated Boundary Condition; Ground State Properties

Дата и время публикации : 1997-09-25T11:07:36Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Kenro Kawano
Minoru Takahashi

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 15 pages, LaTeX, to be published in J.Phys.Soc.Jpn. Vol. 66 No. 12
Первичная категория: cond-mat.stat-mech

Все категории : cond-mat.stat-mech

Краткий обзор статьи: The antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin systems on the three-leg ladder are investigated. Periodic boundary condition is imposed in the rung direction. The system has an excitation gap for all antiferromagnetic inter-chain coupling ($J_{perp}>0$). The estimated gap for the strong coupling limit ($J_{perp}/J_1 to infty$) is 0.28$J_1$. Although the interaction is homogeneous and only nearest-neighbor, the ground states of the system are dimerized and break the translational symmetry in the thermodynamic limit. Introducing the next-nearest neighbor coupling ($J_2$), we can see that the system is solved exactly. The ground state wave function is completely dimer-ordered. Using density matrix renomalization group algorithm, we show numerically that the original model ($J_2=0$) has the same nature with the exactly solvable model. The ground state properties of the ladder with a higher odd number of legs are also discussed.

Category: Physics