Onsager Loop-Transition and First Order Flux-Line Lattice Melting in High-$T_c$ Superconductors

Дата и время публикации : 1997-05-22T09:12:45Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
A. K. Nguyen
A. Sudbø

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 22 pages, 11 figures included, to be published in Phys. Rev. B, 57 xxx (1998)
Первичная категория: cond-mat

Все категории : cond-mat

Краткий обзор статьи: Monte-Carlo simulations in conjunction with finite-size scaling analysis are used to investigate the $(H,T)$-phase diagram in uniaxial anisotropic high- $T_c$ superconductors, both in zero magnetic field and in intermediate magnetic fields for various mass-anisotropies. The model we consider is the uniformly frustrated anisotropic Villain Model. In zero magnetic field, and for all anisotropies considered, we find one single second order phase transition, mediated by an Onsager vortex-loop blowout. This is the superconductor-normal metal transition.A comparison with numerical simulations and a critical scaling analysis of the zero-field loop-transition yields the same exponent of the loop distribution function at the critical point. In the intermediate magnetic field regime, we find two anomalies in the specific heat. The first anomaly at a temperature $T_m$ is associated with the melting transition of the flux-line lattice. The second anomaly at a temperature $T_z$ is one where phase coherence along the field direction is destroyed. We argue that $T_m=T_z$ in the thermodynamic and continuum limit. Hence, there is no regime where the flux line lattice melts into a disentangled flux-line liquid. The loss of phase coherence parallel to the magnetic field in the sample is argued to be due to the proliferation of closed non-field induced vortex loops on the scale of the magnetic length in the problem, resulting in flux-line cutting and recombination. In the flux-line liquid phase, therefore, flux-lines appear no longer to be well defined entities. A finite-size scaling analysis of the delta function peak specific heat anomaly at the melting transition is used to extract the discontinuity of the entropy at the melting transition.This entropy discontinuity is found to increase rapidly with mass-anisotropy.

Category: Physics