The Fermi Liquid as a Renormalization Group Fixed Point: the Role of Interference in the Landau Channel

Дата и время публикации : 1997-05-05T16:38:39Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Guennady Y. Chitov (U. of Sherbrooke)
D. Senechal (U. of Sherbrooke)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Phys. Rev. B57, 1444 (1998).
Коментарии к cтатье: 25 pages, RevTeX 3.1
Первичная категория: cond-mat.str-el

Все категории : cond-mat.str-el

Краткий обзор статьи: We apply the finite-temperature renormalization-group (RG) to a model based on an effective action with a short-range repulsive interaction and a rotation invariant Fermi surface. The basic quantities of Fermi liquid theory, the Landau function and the scattering vertex, are calculated as fixed points of the RG flow in terms of the effective action’s interaction function. The classic derivations of Fermi liquid theory, which apply the Bethe-Salpeter equation and amount to summing direct particle-hole ladder diagrams, neglect the zero-angle singularity in the exchange particle-hole loop. As a consequence, the antisymmetry of the forward scattering vertex is not guaranteed and the amplitude sum rule must be imposed by hand on the components of the Landau function. We show that the strong interference of the direct and exchange processes of particle-hole scattering near zero angle invalidates the ladder approximation in this region, resulting in temperature-dependent narrow-angle anomalies in the Landau function and scattering vertex. In this RG approach the Pauli principle is automatically satisfied. The consequences of the RG corrections on Fermi liquid theory are discussed. In particular, we show that the amplitude sum rule is not valid.

Category: Physics