Exact Solution of Two-Species Ballistic Annihilation with General Pair-Reaction Probability

Дата и время публикации : 1997-05-06T13:57:54Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
M. J. E. Richardson

Ссылка на журнал-издание: J. Stat. Phys. 89 (1997) 777
Коментарии к cтатье: 22 pages, 2 figures, typos corrected
Первичная категория: cond-mat.stat-mech

Все категории : cond-mat.stat-mech

Краткий обзор статьи: The reaction process $A+B->C$ is modelled for ballistic reactants on an infinite line with particle velocities $v_A=c$ and $v_B=-c$ and initially segregated conditions, i.e. all A particles to the left and all B particles to the right of the origin. Previous, models of ballistic annihilation have particles that always react on contact, i.e. pair-reaction probability $p=1$. The evolution of such systems are wholly determined by the initial distribution of particles and therefore do not have a stochastic dynamics. However, in this paper the generalisation is made to $p<1$, allowing particles to pass through each other without necessarily reacting. In this way, the A and B particle domains overlap to form a fluctuating, finite-sized reaction zone where the product C is created. Fluctuations are also included in the currents of A and B particles entering the overlap region, thereby inducing a stochastic motion of the reaction zone as a whole. These two types of fluctuations, in the reactions and particle currents, are characterised by the `intrinsic reaction rate’, seen in a single system, and the `extrinsic reaction rate’, seen in an average over many systems. The intrinsic and extrinsic behaviours are examined and compared to the case of isotropically diffusing reactants.

Category: Physics