Steady State and Dynamics of Driven Diffusive Systems with Quenched Disorder

Дата и время публикации : 1997-04-27T20:04:25Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Goutam Tripathy (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research)
Mustansir Barma (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Physical Review Letters 78 (1997) 3039-3042
Коментарии к cтатье: 4 pages, RevTeX, 4 eps figures included using ‘psfig.sty’
Первичная категория: cond-mat.dis-nn

Все категории : cond-mat.dis-nn, cond-mat.stat-mech

Краткий обзор статьи: We study the effect of quenched disorder on nonequilibrium systems of interacting particles, specifically, driven diffusive lattice gases with spatially disordered jump rates. The exact steady-state measure is found for a class of models evolving by drop-push dynamics, allowing several physical quantities to be calculated. Dynamical correlations are studied numerically in one dimension. We conjecture that the relevance of quenched disorder depends crucially upon the speed of the kinematic waves in the system. Time-dependent correlation functions, which monitor the dissipation of kinematic waves, behave as in pure system if the wave speed is non-zero. When the wave speed vanishes, e.g. for the disordered exclusion process close to half filling, disorder is strongly relevant and induces separation of phases with different macroscopic densities. In this case the exponent characterizing the dynamical correlation function changes.

Category: Physics