Solubility and Mixing in Fluids

Дата и время публикации : 1996-03-08T14:31:14Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Robert Holyst (Institute of Physical Chemistry, Poland)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 38 pages (TeX) for Encyclopedia of Applied Physics
Первичная категория: cond-mat

Все категории : cond-mat

Краткий обзор статьи: Traditionally, solubility and mixing belong to the realm of chemistry and material sciences and many standard textbooks on physical chemistry treat this problem, usually within the scope of thermodynamics. Here apart from thermodynamics we shall discuss other issues such as: the statistical mechanics theories of mixtures, relation between intermolecular interactions and demixing, coupling between ordering and demixing, and kinetics of demixing which includes spinodal decomposition in binary liquid mixtures. The following special examples will be discussed: polymer blends,diblock copolymers, liquid crystals, and ternary mixtures including surfactants (amphiphiles). Within the scope of physics of solubility and mixing one can study such diverse phenomena as: mixing of two simple liquids, collapse of the polymer chain in the solvent, flocculation of colloidal particle upon the addition of the polymer chains, mixing of two polymer components in a liquid state, ordering of copolymers and ternary mixtures of oil, water and surfactant or formation of micelles in aqueous solutions. In reality, very rarely we have completely pure substances, thus the properties of mixtures and the phenomenon of mixing and demixing are of prime importance for science and technology.

Category: Physics