From Reversible Quantum Microdynamics to Irreversible Quantum Transport

Дата и время публикации : 1995-05-08T16:57:16Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
J. Rau
B. Müller

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Phys.Rept.272:1-59,1996
Коментарии к cтатье: Review article, 78 pages, uuencoded compressed PostScript file
Первичная категория: nucl-th

Все категории : nucl-th, cond-mat, hep-ph, hep-th

Краткий обзор статьи: The transition from reversible microdynamics to irreversible transport can be studied very efficiently with the help of the so-called projection method. We give a concise introduction to that method, illustrate its power by using it to analyze the well-known rate and quantum Boltzmann equations, and present, as a new application, the derivation of a source term accounting for the spontaneous creation of electron-positron pairs in strong fields. Thereby we emphasize the fundamental importance of time scales: only if the various time scales exhibited by the dynamics are widely disparate, can the evolution of the slower degrees of freedom be described by a conventional Markovian transport equation; otherwise, one must account for finite memory effects. We show how the projection method can be employed to determine these time scales, and how –if necessary– it allows one to include memory effects in a straightforward manner. Finally, there is an appendix in which we discuss the concepts of entropy and macroscopic irreversibility.

Category: Physics