Numerical simulations of super-critical black hole accretion flows in general relativity

Дата и время публикации : 2013-11-22T21:06:28Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
A. Sadowski
R. Narayan
J. C. McKinney
A. Tchekhovskoy

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 19 pages, 13 figures, submitted to MNRAS
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE

Краткий обзор статьи: A new general relativistic radiation magnetohydrodynamical code KORAL, is described, which employs the M1 scheme to close the radiation moment equations. The code has been successfully verified against a number of tests. Axisymmetric simulations of super-critical magnetized accretion on a non-rotating black hole (a=0.0) and a spinning black hole (a=0.9) are presented. The accretion rates in the two models are dot M = 100-200 dot M_Edd. These first general relativistic simulations of super-critical black hole accretion are potentially relevant to tidal disruption events and hyper-accreting supermassive black holes in the early universe. Both simulated models are optically and geometrically thick, and have funnels through which energy escapes in the form of relativistic gas, Poynting flux and radiative flux. The jet is significantly more powerful in the a=0.9 run. The net energy outflow rate in the two runs correspond to efficiencies of 5% (a=0) and 33% (a=0.9), as measured with respect to the mass accretion rate at the black hole. These efficiencies agree well with those measured in previous simulations of non-radiative geometrically thick disks. Furthermore, in the a=0.9 run, the outflow power appears to originate in the spinning black hole, suggesting that the associated physics is again similar in non-radiative and super-critical accretion flows. While the two simulations are efficient in terms of total energy outflow, both runs are radiatively inefficient. Their luminosities are only sim 1-10 L_Edd, which corresponds to a radiative efficiency sim 0.1%. Interestingly, most of the radiative luminosity emerges through the funnels, which subtend a very small solid angle. Therefore, measured in terms of a local radiative flux, the emitted radiation is highly super-Eddington.

Category: Physics