Testing the No-Hair Theorem with Event Horizon Telescope Observations of Sagittarius A*

Дата и время публикации : 2013-11-21T21:00:05Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Avery E. Broderick (Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Waterloo)
Tim Johannsen (Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Waterloo, Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics)
Abraham Loeb (Harvard University)
Dimitrios Psaltis (University of Arizona)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 15 pages, 9 figures, submitted to ApJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE, gr-qc

Краткий обзор статьи: The advent of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), a millimeter-wave very-long baseline interferometric array, has enabled spatially-resolved studies of the sub-horizon-scale structure for a handful of supermassive black holes. Among these, the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way, Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*), presents the largest angular cross section. Thus far, these studies have focused upon measurements of the black hole spin and the validation of low-luminosity accretion models. However, a critical input into the analysis of EHT data is the structure of the black hole spacetime, and thus these observations provide the novel opportunity to test the applicability of the Kerr metric to astrophysical black holes. Here we present the first simulated images of a radiatively inefficient accretion flow (RIAF) around Sgr A* employing a quasi-Kerr metric that contains an independent quadrupole moment in addition to the mass and spin that fully characterize a black hole in general relativity. We show that these images can be significantly different from the images of a RIAF around a Kerr black hole with the same spin and demonstrate the feasibility of testing the no-hair theorem by constraining the quadrupolar deviation from the Kerr metric with existing EHT data. Equally important, we find that the disk inclination and spin orientation angles are robust to the inclusion of additional parameters, providing confidence in previous estimations assuming the Kerr metric based upon EHT observations. However, at present the limits upon potential modifications of the Kerr metric remain weak.

Category: Physics