Physical Properties of the Inner Shocks in Hot, Tilted Black Hole Accretion Flows

Дата и время публикации : 2013-11-21T21:00:07Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Aleksey Generozov
Omer Blaes
P. Chris Fragile
Ken B. Henisey

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: Accepted to The Astrophysical Journal
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE

Краткий обзор статьи: Simulations of hot, pressure supported, tilted black hole accretion flows, in which the angular momentum of the flow is misaligned with the black hole spin axis, can exhibit two non-axisymmetric shock structures in the inner regions of the flow. We analyze the strength and significance of these shock structures in simulations with tilt angles of 10 and 15 degrees. By integrating fluid trajectories in the simulations through the shocks, and tracking the variations of fluid quantities along these trajectories, we show that these shocks are strong, with substantial compression ratios, in contrast to earlier claims. However, they are only moderately relativistic. We also show that the two density enhancements resembling flow streams in their shape are in fact merely post-shock compressions, as fluid trajectories cut across, rather than flow along, them. The dissipation associated with the shocks is a substantial fraction ($simeq3-12$ percent) of the rest mass energy advected into the hole, and therefore comparable to the dissipation expected from turbulence. The shocks should therefore make order unity changes in the observed properties of black hole accretion flows that are tilted.

Category: Physics