Estimating Stellar Radial Velocity Variability from Kepler and GALEX: Implications for the Radial Velocity Confirmation of Exoplanets

Дата и время публикации : 2013-11-13T23:50:09Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
H. M. Cegla
K. G. Stassun
C. A. Watson
F. A. Bastien
J. Pepper

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 9 pages, 6 figures, 1 table, accepted for publication in ApJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.EP

Все категории : astro-ph.EP, astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: We cross-match the GALEX and Kepler surveys to create a unique dataset with both ultraviolet (UV) measurements and highly precise photometric variability measurements in the visible light spectrum. As stellar activity is driven by magnetic field modulations, we have used UV emission from the magnetically heated gas in the stellar atmosphere to serve as our proxy for the more well-known stellar activity indicator, R’HK. The R’HK approximations were in turn used to estimate the level of astrophysical noise expected in radial velocity (RV) measurements and these were then searched for correlations with photometric variability. We find significant scatter in our attempts to estimate RV noise for magnetically active stars, which we attribute to variations in the phase and strength of the stellar magnetic cycle that drives the activity of these targets. However, for stars we deem to be magnetically quiet, we do find a clear correlation between photometric variability and estimated levels of RV noise (with variability up to ~ 10 m/s). We conclude, that for these quiet stars, we can use photometric measurements as a proxy to estimate the RV noise expected. As a result, the procedure outlined in this paper may help select targets best-suited for RV follow-up necessary for planet confirmation.

Category: Physics