A Bcool magnetic snapshot survey of solar-type stars

Дата и время публикации : 2013-11-14T03:27:34Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
S. C. Marsden
P. Petit
S. V. Jeffers
J. Morin
R. Fares
A. Reiners
J. D. do Nascimento Jr.
M. Auriere
J. Bouvier
B. D. Carter
C. Catala
B. Dintrans
J. -F. Donati
T. Gastine
M. Jardine
R. Konstantinova-Antova
J. Lanoux
F. Lignieres
A. Morgenthaler
J. C. Ramirez-Velez
S. Theado
V. Van Grootel
the Bcool Collaboration

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 36 pages, 26 figures, 7 tables, submitted to MNRAS
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: Stellar magnetic field measurements obtained from spectropolarimetry offer key data for activity and dynamo studies, and we present the results of a major high-resolution spectropolarimetric Bcool project magnetic snapshot survey of 170 solar-type stars from observations with the Telescope Bernard Lyot and the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. For each target star a high signal-to-noise circularly polarised Stokes V profile has been obtained using Least-Squares Deconvolution, and used to detect surface magnetic fields and measure the corresponding mean surface longitudinal magnetic field ($B_{l}$). Chromospheric activity indicators were also measured. Surface magnetic fields were detected for 67 stars, with 21 of these stars classified as mature solar-type stars, a result that increases by a factor of four the number of mature solar-type stars on which magnetic fields have been observed. In addition, a magnetic field was detected for 3 out of 18 of the subgiant stars surveyed. For the population of K-dwarfs the mean value of $B_{l}$ ($|B_{l}|_{mean}$) was also found to be higher (5.7 G) than $|B_{l}|_{mean}$ measured for the G-dwarfs (3.2 G) and the F-dwarfs (3.3 G). For the sample as a whole $|B_{l}|_{mean}$ increases with rotation rate and decreases with age, and the upper envelope for $|B_{l}|$ correlates well with the observed chromospheric emission. Stars with a chromospheric S-index greater than about 0.2 show a high magnetic field detection rate and so offer optimal targets for future studies. This survey constitutes the most extensive spectropolarimetric survey of cool stars undertaken to date, and suggests that it is feasible to pursue magnetic mapping of a wide range of moderately active solar-type stars to improve understanding of their surface fields and dynamos.

Category: Physics