From cosmic ray source to the Galactic pool

Дата и время публикации : 2013-10-25T20:00:29Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
K. M. Schure (University of Oxford)
A. R. Bell (University of Oxford)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 5 pages, 1 figure. Accepted for publication in MNRAS
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE, astro-ph.GA

Краткий обзор статьи: The Galactic cosmic ray spectrum is a remarkably straight power law. Our current understanding is that the dominant sources that accelerate cosmic rays up to the knee ($3 times 10^{15}$ eV) or perhaps even the ankle ($3 times 10^{18}$ eV), are young Galactic supernova remnants. In theory, however, there are various reasons why the spectrum may be different for different sources, and may not even be a power law if nonlinear shock acceleration applies during the most efficient stages of acceleration. We show how the spectrum at the accelerator translates to the spectrum that make up the escaping cosmic rays that replenish the Galactic pool of cosmic rays. We assume that cosmic ray confinement, and thus escape, is linked to the level of magnetic field amplification, and that the magnetic field is amplified by streaming cosmic rays according to the non-resonant hybrid or resonant instability. When a fixed fraction of the energy is transferred to cosmic rays, it turns out that a source spectrum that is flatter than $E^{-2}$ will result in a $E^{-2}$ escape spectrum, whereas a steeper source spectrum will result in an escape spectrum with equal steepening. This alleviates some of the concern that may arise from expected flat or concave cosmic ray spectra associated with nonlinear shock modification.

Category: Physics