PPN expansion and FRW scalar perturbations in n-DBI gravity

Дата и время публикации : 2013-07-17T12:37:22Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Flávio S. Coelho
Carlos Herdeiro
Shinji Hirano
Yuki Sato

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 19 pages; v2, changes in Section 4 (FRW Perturbations)
Первичная категория: gr-qc

Все категории : gr-qc, astro-ph.CO, hep-th

Краткий обзор статьи: n-DBI gravity explicitly breaks Lorentz invariance by the introduction of a unit time-like vector field, thereby giving rise to an extra (scalar) degree of freedom. We look for observational consequences of this mode in two setups. Firstly, we compute the parametrized post-Newtonian (PPN) expansion of the metric to first post-Newtonian order. Surprisingly, we find that the PPN parameters are exactly the same as in General Relativity (GR), and no preferred-frame effects are produced. In particular this means that n-DBI gravity is consistent with all GR solar system experimental tests. We discuss the origin of such degeneracy between n-DBI gravity and GR, and suggest it may also hold in higher post-Newtonian order. Secondly, we study gravitational scalar perturbations of a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker space-time with a cosmological constant $Lambda geq 0$. In the case of de Sitter space, we show that the scalar mode grows as the universe expands and, in contrast with a canonical scalar field coupled to GR, it does not freeze on super horizon scales.

Category: Physics