Inner rings in disc galaxies: dead or alive

Дата и время публикации : 2013-06-19T12:26:27Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Sébastien Comerón

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: Accepted for publication in A&A
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO

Краткий обзор статьи: In this Letter, I distinguish "passive" inner rings as those with no current star formation, as distinct from "active" inner rings that have undergone recent star formation. I built a sample of nearby galaxies with inner rings observed in the near- and mid-infrared from the NIRS0S and the S4G surveys. I used archival far-ultraviolet (FUV) and Halpha imaging of 319 galaxies to diagnose whether their inner rings are passive or active. I found that passive rings are found only in early-type disc galaxies (-3<=T<=2). In this range of stages, 21+-3% and 28+-5% of the rings are passive according to the FUV and Halpha indicators, respectively. A ring that is passive according to the FUV is always passive according to Halpha, but the reverse is not always true. Ring-lenses form 30-40% of passive rings, which is four times more than the fraction of ring-lenses found in active rings in the stage range -3<=T<=2. This is consistent with both a resonance and a manifold origin for the rings because both models predict purely stellar rings to be wider than their star-forming counterparts. In the case of resonance rings, the widening may be at least partly due to the dissolution of rings. If most inner rings have a resonance origin, I estimate 200Myr to be a lower bound for their dissolution time-scale. This time-scale is of the order of one orbital period at the radius of inner rings.

Category: Physics