Occurrence Probability of Large Solar Energetic Particle Events: Assessment from Data on Cosmogenic Radionuclides in Lunar Rocks

Дата и время публикации : 2013-05-22T11:16:09Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Gennady A. Kovaltsov
Ilya G. Usoskin

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: Solar Physics, in press
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: We revisited assessments of the occurrence probability distribution of large events in solar energetic particles (SEP), based on measurements of cosmogenic radionuclides in lunar rocks. We present a combined cumulative occurrence probability distribution of SEP events based on three time scales: directly measured SEP fluences for the last 60 years; estimates based on terrestrial cosmogenic radionuclides 10Be and 14C for the multi-millennial (Holocene) time scale; and cosmogenic radionuclides measured in lunar rocks on the time scale of up to 1 Myr. All the three time scales yield a consistent distribution. The data suggest a strong rollover of the occurrence probability so that SEP events with the fluence of protons with energy >30 MeV greater than 10^{11} (protons /cm2/yr) are not expected at the Myr time scale.

Category: Physics