Neutrino signal from extended Galactic sources in IceCube

Дата и время публикации : 2013-05-17T15:33:08Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
C. Tchernin
J. A. Aguilar
A. Neronov
T. Montaruli

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: submitted to A&A
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE

Краткий обзор статьи: We explore the detectability of the neutrino flux from the entire Galactic Plane or from a part of it with IceCube. We calculate the normalization and the spectral index of the neutrino power law spectrum from different regions of the Galactic plane, based on the observed spectral characteristics of the pion decay gamma-ray diffuse emission observed by the Fermi/LAT telescope in the energy band above 100 GeV. We compare the neutrino flux calculated in this way with the sensitivity of IceCube for the detection of extended sources. Assuming a binned extended source analysis method, we find that the only possible evidence for neutrino emission for sources located in the Northern hemisphere is from the Cygnus region after 20 years of exposure. For other parts of the Galactic Plane even a 20 years exposure with IceCube is not sufficient for the detection. Taking into account marginal significance of the detectable source in the Cygnus region, we find a precise position and size of the source region which optimizes the signal-to-noise ratio for neutrinos. We also calculate the low-energy threshold above which the neutrino signal could be detected with the highest signal-to-noise ratio. This calculation of precise source position, size and energy range, based on the gamma-ray data, could be used to remove the ‘trial factor’ in the analysis of the real neutrino data of IceCube. We notice that the diffuse neutrino emission from the inner Galactic Plane in the Southern Hemisphere is much brighter. A neutrino detector with characteristics equivalent to IceCube, but placed at the Northern Hemisphere (such as KM3NeT), would detect several isolated neutrino sources in the Galactic Plane within just 5 years exposure at 5{sigma} level. These isolated sources of ~TeV neutrinos would unambiguously localize sources of cosmic rays which operated over the last 10 thousand years in the Galaxy.[abridged]

Category: Physics