Testing the MOND Paradigm of Modified Dynamics with Galaxy-Galaxy Gravitational Lensing

Дата и время публикации : 2013-05-15T15:07:53Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Mordehai Milgrom (DPPA, Weizmann Institute)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 041105 (2013)
Коментарии к cтатье: 5 pages, 1 figure, Changed to match version published in Phys. Rev. Lett.: Slightly changed title, expanded introduction, added references
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO, gr-qc, hep-ph

Краткий обзор статьи: MOND predicts that the asymptotic gravitational potential of an isolated, bounded (baryonic) mass, M, is phi(r)=(MGa0)^{1/2}ln(r); a0 is the MOND constant. Relativistic MOND theories predict that the lensing effects of M are dictated by phi(r) as general-relativity lensing is dictated by the Newtonian potential. Thus, MOND predicts that the asymptotic Newtonian potential deduced from galaxy-galaxy gravitational lensing will have: (1) a logarithmic r dependence, and (2) a normalization (parametrized standardly as 2s^2) that depends only on M: s=(MGa0/4)^{1/4}. I compare these predictions with recent results of galaxy-galaxy lensing, and find agreement on all counts. For the "blue"-lenses subsample ("spiral" galaxies) MOND reproduces the observations well with an r’-band M/L of 1-3 solar units, and for "red" lenses ("elliptical" galaxies) with M/L of 3-6 solar units, both consistent with baryons only. In contradistinction, Newtonian analysis requires, typically, M/L values of about 130 solar units, bespeaking a mass discrepancy of a factor of about 40. Compared with the staple, rotation-curve tests, MOND is here tested in a wider population of galaxies, through a different phenomenon, using relativistic test objects, and is probed to several-times-lower accelerations–as low as a few percent of a0.

Category: Physics