Discovery of 47-s pulsations in the X-ray source 1RXS J225352.8+624354

Дата и время публикации : 2013-05-15T11:53:25Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
P. Esposito
G. L. Israel
L. Sidoli
E. Mason
G. A. Rodríguez Castillo
J. P. Halpern
A. Moretti
D. Götz

Ссылка на журнал-издание: MNRAS, 433, 2028-2035 (2013)
Коментарии к cтатье: 9 pages, 8 figures, 5 tables; MNRAS, in press
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE

Краткий обзор статьи: We report on the discovery of pulsations at a period of ~47 s in the persistent X-ray source 1RXS J225352.8+624354 (1RXS J2253) using five Chandra observations performed in 2009. The signal was also detected in Swift and ROSAT data, allowing us to infer over a 16-yr baseline an average, long-term period increasing rate of ~17 ms per year and therefore to confirm the signal as the spin period of an accreting, spinning-down neutron star. The pulse profile of 1RXS J2253 (~50-60% pulsed fraction) is complex and energy independent (within the statistical uncertainties). The 1-10 keV Chandra spectra are well fit by an absorbed power-law model with photon index ~1.4 and observed flux of (2-5)e-12 erg cm^-2 s^-1. The source was also detected by INTEGRAL in the 17-60 keV band at a persistent flux of ~6e-12 erg cm^-2 s^-1, implying a spectral cut off around 15 keV. We also carried out optical spectroscopic follow-up observations of the 2MASS counterpart at the Nordic Optical Telescope. This made it possible to first classify the companion of 1RXS J2253 as a B0-1III-Ve (most likely a B1Ve) star at a distance of about 4-5 kpc (favouring an association with the Perseus arm of the Galaxy). The latter finding implies an X-ray luminosity of ~3e34 erg s^-1, suggesting that 1RXS J2253 is a new member of the sub-class of low-luminosity long-orbital-period persistent Be/X-ray pulsars in a wide and circular orbit (such as X Persei).

Category: Physics