Fast Diffusion of Magnetic Field in Turbulence and Origin of Cosmic Magnetism

Дата и время публикации : 2013-03-06T00:29:01Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Jungyeon Cho

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Phys. Rev. D, 87, 043008 (2013)
Коментарии к cтатье: 6 pages, 4 figures, published in PRD
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO, physics.plasm-ph

Краткий обзор статьи: Turbulence is believed to play important roles in the origin of cosmic magnetism. While it is well known that turbulence can efficiently amplify a uniform or spatially homogeneous seed magnetic field, it is not clear whether or not we can draw a similar conclusion for a localized seed magnetic field. The main uncertainty is the rate of magnetic field diffusion on scales larger than the outer scale of turbulence. To measure the diffusion rate of magnetic field on those large scales, we perform a numerical simulation in which the outer scale of turbulence is much smaller than the size of the system. We numerically compare diffusion of a localized seed magnetic field and a localized passive scalar. We find that diffusion of the magnetic field can be much faster than that of the passive scalar and that turbulence can efficiently amplify the localized seed magnetic field. Based on the simulation result, we construct a model for fast diffusion of magnetic field. Our model suggests that a localized seed magnetic field can fill the whole system in (L_sys/L) times the large-eddy turnover time and that growth of the magnetic field stops in max(15, L_sys/L) times the large-eddy turnover time, where L_sys is the size of the system and $L$ is the driving scale. Our finding implies that, regardless of the shape of the seed field, fast magnetization is possible in turbulent systems, such as large-scale structure of the universe or galaxies.

Category: Physics