Modeling line-driven disk wind for broad absorption lines of quasars

Дата и время публикации : 2012-12-13T07:36:55Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Mariko Nomura
Ken Ohsuga
Keiichi Wada
Hajime Susa
Toru Misawa

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 10 pages, 6 figures. Accepted for publication in PASJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE, astro-ph.CO

Краткий обзор статьи: The disk wind, which is powered by the radiation force due to spectral lines (line force), is studied for broad absorption line (BAL) quasars. We investigate the structure of the disk wind based on the non-hydrodynamic method and compare with wind properties inferred from X-ray observations of BAL quasars. In this paper, we apply the stellar wind theory to the initial condition (the mass outflow rate at the base of the wind). We found the funnel-shaped winds with a half opening angle of 50^{circ} for the case of epsilon=0.3-0.9 and M_{BH}=10^{7-8.5}M_odot, where epsilon is the Eddington ratio and M_{BH} is the black hole mass. Thus, the absorption features are observed for an observer of which a viewing angle is around 50^{circ}. A probability of BAL quasars is 7-11%, which is roughly consistent the abundance ratio of BAL quasars, 10-15%. Here, the probability is estimated by the solid angle, that the absorbing features would be detected, divided by 4pi. In contrast, if the Eddington ratio is smaller than 0.01 or if the black hole is very massive, M_{BH} < 10^9M_{odot}, the disk wind is not launched due to the less effective line force. Then, the quasars are identified as non-BAL quasars independently of the observer’s viewing angle.

Category: Physics