Stellar Kinematics of z~2 Galaxies and the Inside-Out Growth of Quiescent Galaxies

Дата и время публикации : 2012-11-14T21:04:14Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Jesse van de Sande
Mariska Kriek
Marijn Franx
Pieter G. van Dokkum
Rachel Bezanson
Rychard J. Bouwens
Ryan F. Quadri
Hans-Walter Rix
Rosalind E. Skelton

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 25 pages, 20 figures. Accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO

Краткий обзор статьи: Using stellar kinematics measurements, we investigate the growth of massive, quiescent galaxies from z~2 to today. We present X-Shooter spectra from the UV to NIR and dynamical mass measurements of 5 quiescent massive (>10^11 Msun) galaxies at z~2. This triples the sample of z>1.5 galaxies with well constrained (dsigma <100 km/s) velocity dispersion measurements. From spectral population synthesis modeling we find that these galaxies have stellar ages that range from 0.5-2 Gyr, with no signs of ongoing star formation. We measure velocity dispersions (290-450 km/s) from absorption lines and find that they are 1.6-2.1 times higher than those of galaxies in the SDSS at the same mass. Sizes are measured using GALFIT from HST-WFC3 H160 and UDS K-band images. The dynamical masses correspond well to the SED based stellar masses, with dynamical masses that are ~15% higher. We find that M_*/M_dyn may decrease slightly with time, which could reflect the increase of the dark matter fraction within an increasing effective radius. We combine different stellar kinematic studies from the literature, and examine the structural evolution from z~2 to z~0: we confirm that at fixed dynamical mass, the effective radius increases by a factor of ~2.8, and the velocity dispersion decreases by a factor of ~1.7. The mass density within one effective radius decreases by a factor of ~20, while within a fixed physical radius (1 kpc) it decreases only mildly (~2). When we allow for an evolving mass limit by selecting a population of galaxies at fixed number density, a stronger size growth with time is found (~4), velocity dispersion decreases by a factor of ~1.4, and interestingly, the mass density within 1 kpc is consistent with no evolution. This finding suggests that massive quiescent galaxies at ~2 grow inside-out, consistent with the expectations from minor mergers.

Category: Physics