Cosmology of a Friedmann-Lamaître-Robertson-Walker 3-brane, Late-Time Cosmic Acceleration, and the Cosmic Coincidence

Дата и время публикации : 2012-11-14T20:53:21Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Ciaran Doolin (Canterbury University)
Ishwaree P. Neupane (Canterbury University, Tribhuvan University, and CERN)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 5 pages, 3 figures; v2: version to be published in PRL
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO, gr-qc, hep-ph, hep-th

Краткий обзор статьи: A late epoch cosmic acceleration may be naturally entangled with cosmic coincidence — the observation that at the onset of acceleration the vacuum energy density fraction nearly coincides with the matter density fraction. In this Letter we show that this is indeed the case with the cosmology of a Friedmann-Lama^itre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) 3-brane in a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime. We derive the four-dimensional effective action on a FLRW 3-brane, which helps define a general reduction formula, namely, $M_P^{2}=rho_{b}/|Lambda_5|$, where $M_{P}$ is the effective Planck mass, $Lambda_5$ is the 5-dimensional cosmological constant, and $rho_b$ is the sum of the 3-brane tension $V$ and the matter density $rho$. The behavior of the background solution is consistent with the results based on the form of the 4D effective potential. Although the range of variation in $rho_{b}$ is strongly constrained, the big bang nucleosynthesis bound on the time variation of the renormalized Newton constant $G_N = (8pi M_P^2)^{-1}$ is satisfied when the ratio $V/rho gtrsim {O} (10^2)$ on cosmological scales. The same bound leads to an effective equation of state close to -1 at late epochs in accordance with current astrophysical and cosmological observations.

Category: Physics