Magnetization Degree of Gamma-Ray Burst Fireballs: Numerical Study

Дата и время публикации : 2012-11-05T21:01:45Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Richard Harrison
Shiho Kobayashi

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 22 pages, 5 figures, accepted to ApJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE

Краткий обзор статьи: The relative strength between forward and reverse shock emission in early gamma-ray burst afterglow reflects that of magnetic energy densities in the two shock regions. We numerically show that with the current standard treatment, the fireball magnetization is underestimated by up to two orders of magnitude. This discrepancy is especially large in the sub-relativistic reverse shock regime (i.e. the thin shell and intermediate regime) where most optical flashes were detected. We provide new analytic estimates of the reverse shock emission based on a better shock approximation, which well describe numerical results in the intermediate regime. We show that the reverse shock temperature at the onset of afterglow is constant, $(bar{Gamma}_d-1)sim 8times10^{-2}$, when the dimensionless parameter $xi_{0}$ is more than several. Our approach is applied to case studies of GRB 990123 and 090102, and we find that magnetic fields in the fireballs are even stronger than previously believed.

Category: Physics