A paucity of proto-hot Jupiters on super-eccentric orbits

Дата и время публикации : 2012-11-02T20:18:40Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Rebekah I. Dawson
Ruth A. Murray-Clay
John Asher Johnson

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: Update: Fixed in an error in previous version that had caused Figure 4 to be replaced with Figure 3. Figure 3 and Figure 4 no longer identical. Nothing else changed. (Submitted to ApJ.)
Первичная категория: astro-ph.EP

Все категории : astro-ph.EP

Краткий обзор статьи: Gas giant planets orbiting within 0.1 AU of their host stars, unlikely to have formed in situ, are evidence for planetary migration. It is debated whether the typical hot Jupiter smoothly migrated inward from its formation location through the proto-planetary disk or was perturbed by another body onto a highly eccentric orbit, which tidal dissipation subsequently shrank and circularized during close stellar passages. Socrates and collaborators predicted that the latter class of model should produce a population of super-eccentric proto-hot Jupiters readily observable by Kepler. We find a paucity of such planets in the Kepler sample, disagreeing with the theoretical prediction with 98.7% confidence. Observational effects are unlikely to explain this discrepancy. We find that the fraction of hot Jupiters with orbital period P > 3 days produced by the stellar binary Kozai mechanism does not exceed 0.15 +0.29/-0.11. Our results may indicate that disk migration is the dominant channel for producing hot Jupiters with P > 3 days. Alternatively, the typical hot Jupiter may have been perturbed to a high eccentricity by interactions with a planetary rather than stellar companion and began tidal circularization much interior to the ice line after multiple scatterings. A final alternative is that tidal circularization occurs much more rapidly early in the tidal circularization process at high eccentricities than later in the process at low eccentricities, contrary to current tidal theories.

Category: Physics