Astrometric determination of white dwarf radial velocities with Gaia?

Дата и время публикации : 2012-10-15T11:32:00Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Stefan Jordan
Jos de Bruijne

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 4 pages, Proceedings of the 18th European White Dwarf Workshop, Krakow, ASP Conference Series (ASPC)
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR, astro-ph.IM

Краткий обзор статьи: Usually, the determination of radial velocities of stars relies on the shift of spectral lines by the Doppler effect. Russel & Atkinson (1931) and Oort (1932) already noted that due to the large proper motion and parallax of the white dwarf (WD) van Maanen 2, a determination of the perspective acceleration of the proper motion would provide a direct astrometric determination of the radial velocity which is independent of the gravitational redshift. If spectroscopic redshift measurements of Halpha and Hbeta NLTE cores exist, a purely astrometric determination would allow disentangling the gravitational redshift from the Doppler shift. The best instrument for measuring the tiny perspective acceleration is the Gaia satellite of the European Space Agency, aiming at absolute astrometric measurements of one billion stars down to 20th magnitude with unprecedented accuracy. At 15th magnitude, the predicted angular accuracy of Gaia is about 20 micro-arcseconds. In this article, we estimate whether it is possible to measure the radial velocity of WDs astrometrically by the exchange of proper motion into radial velocity during the 5-year mission of the satellite or by combining Hipparcos data with the position measurements at the beginning of the Gaia mission (the Hundred-Thousand-Proper-Motion project HTPM).

Category: Physics