Rankine-Hugoniot Relations in Relativistic Combustion Waves

Дата и время публикации : 2012-10-12T09:02:38Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Yang Gao
Chung K. Law

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 34 pages, 9 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO, astro-ph.HE

Краткий обзор статьи: As a foundational element describing relativistic reacting waves of relevance to astrophysical phenomena, the Rankine-Hugoniot relations classifying the various propagation modes of detonation and deflagration are analyzed in the relativistic regime, with the results properly degenerating to the non-relativistic and highlyrelativistic limits. The existence of negative-pressure downstream flows is noted for relativistic shocks, which could be of interest in the understanding of the nature of dark energy. Entropy analysis for relativistic shock waves are also performed for relativistic fluids with different equations of state (EoS), denoting the existence of rarefaction shocks in fluids with adiabatic index Gamma < 1 in their EoS. The analysis further shows that weak detonations and strong deflagrations, which are rare phenomena in terrestrial environments, are expected to exist more commonly in astrophysical systems because of the various endothermic reactions present therein. Additional topics of relevance to astrophysical phenomena are also discussed.

Category: Physics