Discovery of multiple dust shells beyond 1 arcmin in the circumstellar envelope of IRC+10216 using Herschel/PACS

Дата и время публикации : 2012-10-12T11:57:18Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
L. Decin
P. Royer
N. L. J. Cox
B. Vandenbussche
R. Ottensamer
J. A. D. L. Blommaert
M. A. T. Groenewegen
M. J. Barlow
T. Lim
F. Kerschbaum
T. Posch
C. Waelkens

Ссылка на журнал-издание: 2011, Astronomy & Astrophysics 534, A1
Коментарии к cтатье: 8 pages, published in Astronomy & Astrophysics
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: We present new Herschel/PACS images at 70, 100, and 160 micron of the well-known, nearby, carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch star IRC+10216 revealing multiple dust shells in its circumstellar envelope. For the first time, dust shells (or arcs) are detected until 320 arcsec. The almost spherical shells are non-concentric and have an angular extent between 40 deg and 200 deg. The shells have a typical width of 5 arcsec – 8 arcsec, and the shell separation varies in the range of 10 arcsec – 35 arcsec, corresponding to 500-1700 yr. Local density variations within one arc are visible. The shell/intershell density contrast is typically 4, and the arcs contain some 50% more dust mass than the smooth envelope. The observed (nested) arcs record the mass-loss history over the past 16 000 yr, but Rayleigh-Taylor and Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities in the turbulent astropause and astrosheath will erase any signature of the mass-loss history for at least the first 200 000 yr of mass loss. Accounting for the bowshock structure, the envelope mass around IRC+10216 contains >2Msun of gas and dust mass. It is argued that the origin of the shells is related to non-isotropic mass-loss events and clumpy dust formation.

Category: Physics