The Most Metal-Poor Stars. I. Discovery, Data, and Atmospheric Parameters

Дата и время публикации : 2012-08-15T00:19:41Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
John E. Norris
M. S. Bessell
David Yong
N. Christlieb
P. S. Barklem
M. Asplund
Simon J. Murphy
Timothy C. Beers
Anna Frebel
S. G. Ryan

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: Accepted for publication in ApJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.GA

Все категории : astro-ph.GA, astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: We report the discovery of 34 stars in the Hamburg/ESO Survey for metal-poor stars and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey that have [Fe/H] < -3.0. Their median and minimum abundances are [Fe/H] = -3.1 and -4.1, respectively, while 10 stars have [Fe/H] < -3.5. High-resolution, high-S/N spectroscopic data – equivalent widths and radial velocities – are presented for these stars, together with an additional four objects previously reported or currently being investigated elsewhere. We have determined the atmospheric parameters, effective temperature (Teff) and surface gravity (logg), which are critical in the determination of the chemical abundances and the evolutionary status of these stars. Three techniques were used to derive these parameters. Spectrophotometric fits to model atmosphere fluxes were used to derive Teff, logg, and an estimate of E(B-V); Halpha, Hbeta, and Hgamma profile fitting to model atmosphere results provided the second determination of Teff and logg; and finally, we used an empirical Teff-calibrated Hdelta index, for the third, independent Teff determination. The three values of Teff are in good agreement, although the profile fitting may yield systematically cooler Teff values, by ~100K. This collective data set will be analyzed in future papers in the present series to utilize the most metal-poor stars as probes of conditions in the early Universe.

Category: Physics