The Light and Period Variations of the Eclipsing Binary BX Draconis

Дата и время публикации : 2012-07-30T15:46:35Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Jang-Ho Park
Jae Woo Lee
Seung-Lee Kim
Chung-Uk Lee
Young-Beom Jeon

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 24 pages, including 5 figures and 9 tables, accepted for publication in PASJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: New CCD photometric observations of BX Dra were obtained for 26 nights from 2009 April to 2010 June. The long-term photometric behaviors of the system are presented from detailed studies of the period and light variations, based on the historical data and our new observations. All available light curves display total eclipses at secondary minima and inverse O’Connell effects with Max I fainter than Max II, which are satisfactorily modeled by adding the slightly time-varying hot spot on the primary star. A total of 87 times of minimum light spanning over about 74 yrs, including our 22 timing measurements, were used for ephemeris computations. Detailed analysis of the O-C diagram showed that the orbital period has changed in combinations with an upward parabola and a sinusoidal variation. The continuous period increase with a rate of +5.65 times 10^-7 d yr^-1 is consistent with that calculated from the Wilson-Devinney synthesis code. It can be interpreted as a mass transfer from the secondary to the primary star at a rate of 2.74 times 10^-7 Modot yr^-1, which is one of the largest rates for contact systems. The most likely explanation of the sinusoidal variation with a period of 30.2 yrs and a semi-amplitude of 0.0062 d is a light-traveltime effect due to the existence of a circumbinary object. We suggest that BX Dra is probably a triple system, consisting of a primary star with a spectral type of F0, its secondary component of spectral type F1-2, and an unseen circumbinary object with a minimum mass of M3 = 0.23 Modot.

Category: Physics