Unique sextuple system: 65 Ursae Majoris

Дата и время публикации : 2012-07-03T12:24:49Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
P. Zasche
R. Uhlář
M. Šlechta
M. Wolf
P. Harmanec
J. A. Nemravová
D. Korčáková

Ссылка на журнал-издание: 2012A&A…542A..78Z
Коментарии к cтатье: 6 pages original paper, 8 figures, online material via CDS, published in: 2012 Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 542, id.A78
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: Context. 65 UMa belongs to rather small group of stellar systems of higher multiplicity, whose inner and outer orbits are well-known. Methods: Photometric, spectroscopic, and interferometric data were analyzed, revealing the basic physical properties of the system 65 UMa. A disentangling technique is used to perform the spectra decomposition. This combined approach allows us to study the long-term period changes in the system, identifying the period variation due to the motion on the visual orbit, in addition to a short-term modulation. Results: We find that the system contains one more component, hence 65 UMa is a sextuple hierarchical system. The most inner pair of components consists of an eclipsing binary orbiting around a barycenter on a circular orbit, both components being almost identical of spectral type about A7. This pair orbits on an eccentric orbit around a barycenter, and the third component orbits with a period of about 640 days. This motion is reflected in the period variation in the minima times of the eclipsing pair, as well as in the radial velocities of the primary, secondary, and tertiary components. Moreover, this system orbits around a barycenter with the distant component resolved interferometrically, whose period is of about 118 years. Two more distant components (4" and 63") are also probably gravitationally bound to the system. The nodal period of the eclipsing-pair orbit is on the order of only a few centuries, which makes this system even more interesting for a future prospective detection of changing the depths of minima. Conclusions: We identify a unique solution of the system 65 UMa, decomposing the individual components and even shifting the system to higher multiplicity. The study of this kind of multiple can help us to understand the origin of stellar systems. Besides 65 UMa, only another 11 sextuple systems have been studied.

Category: Physics