Improving three-dimensional mass mapping with weak gravitational lensing using galaxy clustering

Дата и время публикации : 2012-03-28T09:30:53Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Patrick Simon

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 15 pages, 8 figures, language corrections, A&A in press
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO

Краткий обзор статьи: The weak gravitational lensing distortion of distant galaxy images (defined as sources) probes the projected large-scale matter distribution in the Universe. To improve quality in the 3D mass mapping using 3D-lensing, we combine the lensing information with the spatial clustering of a population of galaxies that trace the matter density with a known galaxy bias (defined as tracers). For our minimum variance estimator, merely all the second-order bias of the tracers has to be known, which can in principle be self-consistently constrained in the data by lensing techniques. This synergy introduces a new noise component because of the stochasticity in the matter-tracer density relation. We give a description of the stochasticity noise in the Gaussian regime, and we investigate the estimator characteristics analytically. We apply the estimator to a mock survey based on the Millennium Simulation. The estimator linearly mixes the individual lensing mass and tracer number density maps into a combined smoothed mass map. The weighting in the mix depends on the S/N of the individual maps and the correlation, $r$, between the matter and galaxy density. The weight of the tracers can be reduced by hand. For moderate mixing, the S/N in the mass map improves by a factor $sim2-3$ for $rgtrsim0.4$; the systematic offset between a true and apparent mass peak distance ($z$-shift bias) in a lensing-only map is eliminated, even for weak correlations of $rsim0.4$. If the second-order bias of tracer galaxies can be determined, the synergy technique potentially provides an option to improve redshift accuracy and completeness of the lensing 3D mass map. However,the estimator’s performance on sub-degree, non-Gaussian scales depends on all details in the galaxy bias mechanism and, hence, its accuracy on the choice of the tracer population.[abridged]

Category: Physics