An absorption-selected survey of neutral gas in the Milky Way halo

Дата и время публикации : 2012-03-26T08:57:45Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
N. Ben Bekhti
B. Winkel
P. Richter
J. Kerp
U. Klein
M. T. Murphy

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 17 pages, 20 figures, accepted by A&A
Первичная категория: astro-ph.GA

Все категории : astro-ph.GA

Краткий обзор статьи: We aim at analysing systematically the distribution and physical properties of neutral and mildly ionised gas in the Milky Way halo, based on a large absorption-selected data set. Multi-wavelength studies were performed combining optical absorption line data of CaII and NaI with follow-up HI 21-cm emission line observations along 408 sight lines towards low- and high-redshift QSOs. We made use of archival optical spectra obtained with UVES/VLT. HI data were extracted from the Effelsberg-Bonn HI survey and the Galactic All-Sky survey. For selected sight lines we obtained deeper follow-up observations using the Effelsberg 100-m telescope. CaII (NaI) halo absorbers at intermediate and high radial velocities are present in 40-55% (20-35%) of the sightlines, depending on the column density threshold chosen. Many halo absorbers show multi-component absorption lines, indicating the presence of sub-structure. In 65% of the cases, absorption is associated with HI 21-cm emission. The CaII (NaI) column density distribution function follows a power-law with a slope of -2.2 (-1.4). Our absorption-selected survey confirms our previous results that the Milky Way halo is filled with a large number of neutral gas structures whose high column density tail represents the population of common HI high- and intermediate-velocity clouds seen in 21-cm observations. We find that CaII/NaI column density ratios in the halo absorbers are typically smaller than those in the Milky Way disc, in the gas in the Magellanic Clouds, and in damped Lyman-alpha systems. The small ratios (prominent in particular in high-velocity components) indicate a lower level of Ca depletion onto dust grains in Milky Way halo absorbers compared to gas in discs and inner regions of galaxies.

Category: Physics