The Dynamics and Metallicity Distribution of the Distant Dwarf Galaxy VV124

Дата и время публикации : 2012-03-20T20:00:00Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Evan N. Kirby (Caltech)
Judith G. Cohen (Caltech)
Michele Bellazzini (INAF)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: 2012 ApJ, 751, 46
Коментарии к cтатье: 16 pages, 14 figures. Accepted to ApJ. The machine-readable Table 2 is available in the source file by clicking on “Other formats.” Version 3 corrects a problem that caused the metallicity measurements to be ~0.4 dex too high
Первичная категория: astro-ph.GA

Все категории : astro-ph.GA, astro-ph.CO

Краткий обзор статьи: VV124 (UGC 4879) is an isolated, dwarf irregular/dwarf spheroidal (dIrr/dSph) transition-type galaxy at a distance of 1.36 Mpc. Previous low-resolution spectroscopy yielded inconsistent radial velocities for different components of the galaxy, and photometry hinted at the presence of a stellar disk. In order to quantify the stellar dynamics, we observed individual red giants in VV124 with the Keck/DEIMOS spectrograph. We validated members based on their positions in the color-magnitude diagram, radial velocities, and spectral features. Our sample contains 67 members. The average radial velocity is <v_r> = -29.1 +/- 1.3 km/s, in agreement with the previous radio measurements of HI gas. The velocity distribution is Gaussian, indicating that VV124 is supported primarily by velocity dispersion inside a radius of 1.5 kpc. Outside that radius, our measurements provide only an upper limit of 8.6 km/s on any rotation in the photometric disk-like feature. The velocity dispersion is sigma_v = 9.4 +/- 1.0 km/s, from which we inferred a mass of M_1/2 = (2.1 +/- 0.2) x 10^7 M_sun and a mass-to-light ratio of (M/L_V)_1/2 = 5.2 +/- 1.1 M_sun/L_sun, both measured within the half-light radius. Thus, VV124 contains dark matter. We also measured the metallicity distribution from neutral iron lines. The average metallicity, <[Fe/H]> = -1.58 +/- 0.06, is consistent with the mass-metallicity relation defined by dwarf spheroidal galaxies. The dynamics and metallicity distribution of VV124 appear similar to dSphs of similar stellar mass.

Category: Physics