Constraints and analytical solutions of $f(R)$ theories of gravity using Noether symmetries

Дата и время публикации : 2011-11-19T10:14:01Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
A. Paliathanasis
M. Tsamparlis
S. Basilakos

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: Accepted for publication in Physical Review D (10 pages), typos corrected and some new references included
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO, gr-qc

Краткий обзор статьи: We perform a detailed study of the modified gravity $f(R)$ models in the light of the basic geometrical symmetries, namely Lie and Noether point symmetries, which serve to illustrate the phenomenological viability of the modified gravity paradigm as a serious alternative to the traditional scalar field approaches. In particular, we utilize a model-independent selection rule based on first integrals, due to Noether symmetries of the equations of motion, in order to identify the viability of $f(R)$ models in the context of flat FLRW cosmologies. The Lie/Noether point symmetries are computed for six modified gravity models that include also a cold dark matter component. As it is expected, we confirm that all the proposed modified gravity models admit the trivial first integral namely energy conservation. We find that only the $f(R)=(R^{b}-2Lambda)^{c}$ model, which generalizes the concordance $Lambda$ cosmology, accommodates extra Lie/Noether point symmetries. For this $f(R)$ model the existence of non-trivial Noether (first) integrals can be used to determine the integrability of the model. Indeed within this context we solve the problem analytically and thus we provide for the first time the evolution of the main cosmological functions such as the scale factor of the universe and the Hubble expansion rate.

Category: Physics