Running Spectral Index and Formation of Primordial Black Hole in Single Field Inflation Models

Дата и время публикации : 2011-10-27T11:17:45Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Manuel Drees
Encieh Erfani

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 26 pages, 5 figures, Refs. added, Minor textual change; version to appear in JCAP
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO, hep-ph

Краткий обзор статьи: A broad range of single field models of inflation are analyzed in light of all relevant recent cosmological data, checking whether they can lead to the formation of long-lived Primordial Black Holes (PBHs). To that end we calculate the spectral index of the power spectrum of primordial perturbations as well as its first and second derivatives. PBH formation is possible only if the spectral index increases significantly at small scales, i.e. large wave number $k$. Since current data indicate that the first derivative $alpha_S$ of the spectral index $n_S(k_0)$ is negative at the pivot scale $k_0$, PBH formation is only possible in the presence of a sizable and positive second derivative ("running of the running") $beta_S$. Among the three small-field and five large-field models we analyze, only one small-field model, the "running mass" model, allows PBH formation, for a narrow range of parameters. We also note that none of the models we analyze can accord for a large and negative value of $alpha_S$, which is weakly preferred by current data.

Category: Physics