Cosmological Information in Weak Lensing Peaks

Дата и время публикации : 2011-09-28T20:01:53Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Xiuyuan Yang (Columbia University, Brookhaven National Laboratory, ISCAP, Columbia University)
Jan M. Kratochvil (University of Miami)
Sheng Wang (KICP, University of Chicago)
Eugene A. Lim (ISCAP, Columbia University, University of Cambridge)
Zoltan Haiman (Columbia University, ISCAP, Columbia University)
Morgan May (Brookhaven National Laboratory)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Physical Review D, vol. 84, Issue 4, id. 043529 (2011)
Коментарии к cтатье: 24 pages, 12 figures, 14 tables. Accepted for publication in PRD (version before proofs)
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO

Краткий обзор статьи: Recent studies have shown that the number counts of convergence peaks N(kappa) in weak lensing (WL) maps, expected from large forthcoming surveys, can be a useful probe of cosmology. We follow up on this finding, and use a suite of WL convergence maps, obtained from ray-tracing N-body simulations, to study (i) the physical origin of WL peaks with different heights, and (ii) whether the peaks contain information beyond the convergence power spectrum P_ell. In agreement with earlier work, we find that high peaks (with amplitudes >~ 3.5 sigma, where sigma is the r.m.s. of the convergence kappa) are typically dominated by a single massive halo. In contrast, medium-height peaks (~0.5-1.5 sigma) cannot be attributed to a single collapsed dark matter halo, and are instead created by the projection of multiple (typically, 4-8) halos along the line of sight, and by random galaxy shape noise. Nevertheless, these peaks dominate the sensitivity to the cosmological parameters w, sigma_8, and Omega_m. We find that the peak height distribution and its dependence on cosmology differ significantly from predictions in a Gaussian random field. We directly compute the marginalized errors on w, sigma_8, and Omega_m from the N(kappa) + P_ell combination, including redshift tomography with source galaxies at z_s=1 and z_s=2. We find that the N(kappa) + P_ell combination has approximately twice the cosmological sensitivity compared to P_ell alone. These results demonstrate that N(kappa) contains non-Gaussian information complementary to the power spectrum.

Category: Physics