Chromosphere of K giant stars Geometrical extent and spatial structure detection

?�?�N�?� ?? ??N�?�??N? ??N??�?�?????�N�???? : 2011-09-26T08:06:10Z

????N�??N�N� ??N??�?�?????�N�???? ?? ????N?N�??N�N?N�N� :
P. Berio
T. Merle
F. Thevenin
D. Bonneau
D. Mourard
O. Chesneau
O. Delaa
R. Ligi
N. Nardetto
K. Perraut
B. Pichon
P. Stee
I. Tallon-Bosc
J. M. Clausse
A. Spang
H. McAlister
T. ten Brummelaar
J. Sturmann
L. Sturmann
N. Turner
C. Farrington
P. J. Goldfinger

??N?N�?�???� ???� ?�N?N�???�?�-???�???�?????�: ??N?N�?�???� ???� ?�N?N�???�?�-???�???�?????� ???� ???�?????�???�
?s?????�??N�?�N�???? ?? cN�?�N�N??�: 10 pages, 12 figures
?Y?�N�????N�???�N? ???�N�?�????N�??N?: astro-ph.SR

?�N??� ???�N�?�????N�???? : astro-ph.SR

?sN�?�N�?????? ???�?�??N� N?N�?�N�N???: We aim to constrain the geometrical extent of the chromosphere of non-binary K giant stars and detect any spatial structures in the chromosphere. We performed observations with the CHARA interferometer and the VEGA beam combiner at optical wavelengths. We observed seven non-binary K giant stars. We measured the ratio of the radii of the photosphere to the chromosphere using the interferometric measurements in the Halpha and the Ca II infrared triplet line cores. For beta Ceti, spectro-interferometric observations are compared to an non-local thermal equilibrium (NLTE) semi-empirical model atmosphere including a chromosphere. The NLTE computations provide line intensities and contribution functions that indicate the relative locations where the line cores are formed and can constrain the size of the limb-darkened disk of the stars with chromospheres. We measured the angular diameter of seven K giant stars and deduced their fundamental parameters: effective temperatures, radii, luminosities, and masses. We determined the geometrical extent of the chromosphere for four giant stars. The chromosphere extents obtained range between 16% to 47% of the stellar radius. The NLTE computations confirm that the Ca II/849 nm line core is deeper in the chromosphere of ? Cet than either of the Ca II/854 nm and Ca II/866 nm line cores. We present a modified version of a semi-empirical model atmosphere derived by fitting the Ca II triplet line cores of this star. In four of our targets, we also detect the signature of a differential signal showing the presence of asymmetries in the chromospheres. Conclusions. It is the first time that geometrical extents and structure in the chromospheres of non-binary K giant stars are determined by interferometry. These observations provide strong constrains on stellar atmosphere models.

Category: Physics