Close to the Dredge: Precise X-ray C and N Abundances in lambda Andromeda and its Precocious RGB Mixing Problem

Дата и время публикации : 2011-09-16T16:58:01Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
J. J. Drake
B. Ball
John J. Eldridge
J. -U. Ness
Richard J. Stancliffe

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: To appear in the Astronomical Journal
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: Chandra LETG+HRC-S and XMM-Newton RGS spectra of H-like C and N formed in the corona of the lambda And primary star, a mildly metal-poor G8 III-IV first ascent giant that completed dredge-up ~50 Myr ago, have been used to make a precise measurement of its surface C/N ratio. We obtain the formal result [C/N]=0.03+/-0.07, which is typical of old disk giants and in agreement with standard dredge-up theory for stars of about 1 M_sun or lower. In contrast, these stars as a group, including lambda And, have 12C/13C ~< 20, which is much lower than standard model predictions. We show that the abundances of the old disk giants are consistent with models including thermohaline mixing that begins at the red giant branch luminosity function "bump". Instead, lambda And indicates that the 12C/13C anomaly can be present immediately following dredge-up, contrary to current models of extra mixing on the red giant branch.

Category: Physics